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Is it true I lose these features if I use iSCSI for Hyper-V cluster?

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Occasional Visitor

Is it true I lose these features if I use iSCSI for Hyper-V cluster?

Does iSCSI count as pass through? Are you guys really running hyper-v clusters without any of these features?

Found this in an Altaro blog post:

The Risks of Pass-through

So, you know what you can do instead of pass-through. But the real important things to understand are the problems that pass-through disks present.

  • No portability. VHDX files can be copied anywhere that they’re needed. This makes migrations a snap, even in old Hyper-V versions that don’t support Shared Nothing Live Migration. There are a lot of other benefits to this portability too, such as manual backups or sharing virtual disks with other people for development or debugging purposes.
  • Host backups are a problem. The host computer only brokers the attachment between the virtual machine and the disk. It can’t see the contents. So, if you use a hypervisor-based backup application like Altaro, your pass-through disks aren’t going to be backed up. You’ll be required to use an agent-based system inside the guest.
  • Guest backups are a problem. The nice thing about host-based backups is how coordinated everything is. The VM backups run sequentially without interruption, so you don’t have to do a lot of fancy scheduling to try to balance the detrimental effects of too many VMs backing up at once or spacing them out so far that there is a lot of dead-air time when it would be more efficient to be performing a backup. When you’ve got a system that performs smart backup scheduling, like Altaro does, it’s even better. On top of the scheduling benefits of host-level backup, any hardware acceleration provided by the storage manufacturer can be put into play, which means that you can get some very fast backups. Unless you decide to use an in-guest backup agent just so your pass-through disks are covered. Then you get none of these things. It’s safe to say that if you have a hardware accelerator available to assist with host-level backups and you forfeit it, that will cost you more performance in a night than the pass-through disk will add to daytime operations throughout its lifetime.
  • Forget Hyper-V Replica. HVR can’t see pass-through disks. ’nuff said.
  • Snapshots/checkpoints don’t work with pass-through disks. Just like backup and Replica, the snapshot/checkpoint mechanism can’t see the contents of pass-through disks. I’ve heard a few people using this as an excuse to use pass-through disks because they’re terrified of what will happen if someone takes a snapshot. Frankly, I’d be more terrified that this is the length someone is willing to go to in order to prevent snapshots from being taken. It’s just plain poor stewardship. Besides, I’m fairly certain that the system can still snapshot the guest, it just doesn’t get the contents of pass-through disks. If someone inadvertently takes a snapshot, that could make a merge a tricky situation.
  • Live Migration can be problematic. For starters, you can forget about Shared Nothing Live Migration. Intra-cluster Live Migration usually works, but sometimes it hiccups because the source host has to take the pass-through disk offline and the destination host has to bring it immediately online. There’s a sort of “limbo” period in-between where neither one of them has it. I don’t know that I’ve ever heard of a destination system not getting the hand-off, but I have heard of some taking so long to pick it up that the guest blue screened. In any other Live Migration scenario, if the destination host has any problems with the hand-off, the migration fails and the guest continues running at the source without interruption. With pass-through disks, there’s no such luck.
  • Lack of support. Microsoft will support your pass-through configuration, but that’s about it. Community forum posts are likely to go unanswered, except for suggestions that you convert to VHDX. Some software vendors may not support their applications on pass-through disks, especially if they know about the potential disconnect issue. For access to the widest support base, VHDX is the way to go.
  • Lack of tools. We have all kinds of nifty things we can do with VHDX files using PowerShell and other tools. You can even directly mount them in Windows Explorer. There’s really nothing out there for pass-through disks. It seems like a small issue, until there’s a problem with a VM and you need to perform a task on the disk and discover that there’s really no good way to do it.

So, if you’re still using pass-through disks, the time has come. Use the wizard and convert them to VHDX. If you’re starting to plan a new Hyper-V deployment and wondering if pass-through is a viable option, it isn’t. Begin your virtualization journey with VHDX. It’s worth it.


I'm wondering it's overgeneralized FUD and that I will be able to have my cake and eat it too.



Re: Is it true I lose these features if I use iSCSI for Hyper-V cluster?

Pass-through here is refering to setup software iSCSI within VM and allows VM directly access iSCSI LUN over HyperV virtual network switches.  And off course this approach might bring certain disabillity as those  iSCSI connections is not Hypervisor aware..

But if your iSCSI is setup at HyperV host as share disk for hosting VM, none of the limitation listed will be applied.

Accept or Kudo
Occasional Visitor

Re: Is it true I lose these features if I use iSCSI for Hyper-V cluster?

iSCSI is setup at HyperV host as share disk for hosting VM, none of the limitation listed will be applied.

Good, what a relief. That's how I plan to configure ours but I have to admit it feels awkward fully understanding the caveats involved.

Is there an official list of the pros and cons of doing it the way MS recommends vs the way Nimble documentation seemingly recommends?

Losing host level backups, especially when in-guest backups are so terrible, is a massive loss. We're using DPM 2016 and sure there are better backup softwares out there but changing it for this seems disconcerting.


Occasional Visitor

Re: Is it true I lose these features if I use iSCSI for Hyper-V cluster?

I am set up using a Hyper-V host cluster and a VMWare cluster with Nimble and another storage array backing the cluster. If you have any specific questions, please do let me know.


I am not aware of any specific official documentation for what you're asking, but last time I went through the best practices guide, I was compliant. Pass-through disks in this case is (as was previously mentioned) referring to iSCSI mounts that the Guest OS is aware of instead of the host. Using VHDXs that live on Cluster Shared Volumes should be no issue for intra-cluster migrations and host-based backups, as well as for migrations between clusters.