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## unix and cgi scripts

Honored Contributor

## unix and cgi scripts

Hi,

I have recently migrated a web-based application from one server to another server. At first look, there is no problem because, I can see the web-page and can navigate to other html pages. At one section, we uses a cgi script and the front page of cgi script is visible. Inside that script, there are several important scripts, which are not at all functioning.

How can I check or debug this cgi script for the consistency and how do I determine, which module is not functioning? Any idea.

My httpd.conf allows all for cgi execution (shown below); but the script somehow is not functioning.

ScriptAlias /cgi-bin/ "/apache/cgi-bin/"

Allowoverride None
Options None
Order allow,deny
Allow from all

Regards
Shibin
12 REPLIES
Honored Contributor

## Re: unix and cgi scripts

> [...] the front page of cgi script is
> visible. [...]

Do you mean you are seeing the script itself,
not the expected output from running the
script?

> [...] from one server to another server.

> My httpd.conf [...]

What's different between the two servers?
httpd.conf? Other files it might include?
File ownership? Permissions?
Honored Contributor

## Re: unix and cgi scripts

The web page starts with index.html, which loads properly, no problem. Then, it has two modules.

2. goes to other functions.

Both modules load properly and second modules work perfectly, since that module has only minimal scripts/functions.

Useradmin.cgi module loads as expected, but inside that different scripts, functions, which calls to different cgi scripts as well as UNIX commands. These are not functioning. I have copied all the files from the earlier server and just pasted here on the same location.

I don't think so, it is a permission issue, because, most of the file has 755 permission. Both servers using the same apache, httpd.conf and other files.

Can I debug this useradmin.cgi script using any tools ?
Regards
Shibin
Acclaimed Contributor

## Re: unix and cgi scripts

>Can I debug this useradmin.cgi script using any tools?

Is it perl or a shell script?
Honored Contributor

## Re: unix and cgi scripts

Perl

Pls have a look on the attached script.
Regards
Shibin

## Re: unix and cgi scripts

Shibin,

I notice that the script attached has a blank first line.
CGI scripts should have the interpreter as the first line (in this case #!/opt/perl/bin/perl)

--Binu
Honored Contributor

## Re: unix and cgi scripts

Hi Binu,

The perl interpreter is in proper position. There is no problem in that.
Regards
Shibin

## Re: unix and cgi scripts

Shibin,

One place to look would be the apache error logs (/opt/hpws/apache/logs/error_log on HP-UX).
Any script error and failures are logged in this file. This information should help debug your script.

--Binu
Honored Contributor

## Re: unix and cgi scripts

Hi Binu,

There is no error reporting in apache error log. Only notice.

I was checking this for each activity. Unfortunately, no errors reported. Some how the script is not functioning properly.

Thanks
Regards
Shibin

## Re: unix and cgi scripts

Sibin,

A silly question. Did you restart apache after adding the "ScriptAlias"?
Also, what is the exact message you see on your browser?

--Binu
Honored Contributor

## Re: unix and cgi scripts

Yes, I did restart the apache. Unfortunately, nothing is visible in the browser. When I click the action button, neither goes to next page nor try to load the page. So, I cannot determine what is exactly happening. Also, I have created a log file to generate the event, but it only update the time stamps, whenever I clicks. So, there is no hopeful things, I can't get for troubleshooting.
Regards
Shibin
Honored Contributor

## Re: unix and cgi scripts

How can I debug this script? Can we debug the UNIX script using external tools ?
Regards
Shibin
Acclaimed Contributor

## Re: unix and cgi scripts

>How can I debug this script? Can we debug the UNIX script using external tools?

You can use a perl debugger. You can add prints to the script to see where you are.

Or you could try tusc to see what system calls the script is making. This is useful to see what files are being opened, processes created, etc.