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How to sort all files by date in ascending order

 
jess_14
Advisor

How to sort all files by date in ascending order

Hi all,

Would like to dir and list all the files by date. However seems like the sorting is on alphabetical order instead of the date.

dir *.exe /date

The date is mixed up, not sorting from the oldest to the current 1.

Is there any command that could help? Thanks!
19 REPLIES 19
Robert Gezelter
Honored Contributor

Re: How to sort all files by date in ascending order

Jess,


It is a multi-step process:

- produce the list of all files in a format that can be sorted (e.g., DIRECTORY/BRIEF/NOHEAD/NOTRAIL/DATE/OUTPUT=)

- the resulting output will be a file of two-line entries; reformat the entries into single lines (my preference would be "date" followed by "filename")

- use SORT to sort the resulting file.

This process is far simpler if one temporarily sets the process' time/date format to a collating friendly format (if memory recalls correctly, details are in Section 27.6 of the Programming Concepts manual, available from the HP OpenVMS WWW site at http://www.hp.com/go/openvms.

One could also do this using pipes. My description assumes no particular version of OpenVMS.

- Bob Gezelter, http://www.rlgsc.com
Shriniketan Bhagwat
Trusted Contributor

Re: How to sort all files by date in ascending order

Hi Jess,

Yes, output of $ DIR command is based on the alphabetical order. And you need to write the script to meet your requirement.

Regards,
Ketan
shahina shaik
Occasional Visitor

Re: How to sort all files by date in ascending order

Hi,

Try using DIRE/DATE=CREATED will have a display in serial order then using the output we can sort it out using script.

Regards,
Shahina
Joseph Huber_1
Honored Contributor

Re: How to sort all files by date in ascending order

We had such a discussion here (or in c.o.v ?) sometime ago.
Results are in one of my DCL procedures:

http://wwwvms.mppmu.mpg.de/vms$common/com/dir_by_date.com
or
http://wwwvms.mppmu.mpg.de/vms$common/com/dir_by_date2.com

OR
look for QDSB* in
http://www.quadratrix.be/downloads
http://www.mpp.mpg.de/~huber
Hein van den Heuvel
Honored Contributor

Re: How to sort all files by date in ascending order

Jesse, did you search at all?

google: +openvms +date +sorted +directory optionally add: +site:itrc.hp.com

finds:

http://forums11.itrc.hp.com/service/forums/questionanswer.do?threadId=1190275

which reads..

You can tell sort a magic collating sequence to get the (english) months right.
See old topic (1996) in c.o.v

http://groups.google.com/group/comp.os.vms/search?hl=en&group=comp.os.vms&q=hein+collating_sequence

Or more recently here:

http://forums11.itrc.hp.com/service/forums/questionanswer.do?threadId=1095459


And finally, here is a perl 'one liner':

$ perl -e "while (<*.tmp;*>) { $f{$_}=-M } foreach $x (sort {$f{$b}<=>$f{$a}} keys %f){ print qq($x\n)}"

That was sorted on modification date, new to old. For new to old switch the $a and $b around.

Cheers,
Hein.


$ pipe dir/col=1/wid=fil=55/nohead/notrai/date | sort/spec=sort_by_date.sort sys$pipe sys$output

----------- sort_by_date.sort -----------
/collating_sequence=
(
sequence=("AN","EB","AR","PR","AY","UN","UL","UG","EP","CT","OV","EC",
" ","0"-"9"),
fold
)
! second and third letters of each month

/field=(name=year,pos:65,size:4)
/field=(name=month,pos:62,size:2) ! start at SECOND letter
/field=(name=day,pos:58,size:2)
/field=(name=time,pos:70,size:11)
! assume "14-OCT-1986 09:14:46.00" at position 58
/key=(year,descending)
/key=(month,descending)
/key=(day,descending)
/key=(time,descending)
Joseph Huber_1
Honored Contributor

Re: How to sort all files by date in ascending order

Correct link for the quadratix qdsb program:

http://www.quadratrix.be/qdsb.html
http://www.mpp.mpg.de/~huber
P Muralidhar Kini
Honored Contributor

Re: How to sort all files by date in ascending order

Hi Jess,

>> However seems like the sorting is on alphabetical order instead of the date.
Yes, the DIR command always displays the files in the directory in
alphabetical order of filenames. This is the behavior in VMS.

Even if you give a selection criteria such as "/SINCE" or "/BEFORE",
the names would eventually get displayed in alphabetical order of filenames
itself.

>> Is there any command that could help?
No direct command.
As others have suggested, you need to write a command procedure for this.
it would be 2 step procedure.
* First step would be to get the output of DIR command with "/SINCE" or
"/BEFORE" qualifier. Take this output to a file.
* Second step would be to sort the output file based on the date.

Hope this helps.

Regards,
Murali
Let There Be Rock - AC/DC
Joseph Huber_1
Honored Contributor

Re: How to sort all files by date in ascending order

BTW a caveat:

All procedures using the output of a DIRECTORY command for sorting have a problem if file-specifications are longer than the space available in the DIR output (the /width=filename=n).
Directory the wraps the rest of the output to a second line, and sort will be confused.

My dir_by_date2.com avoids this trap (but the output is a bit unusual with the date in front of the file-name).
http://www.mpp.mpg.de/~huber
Joseph Huber_1
Honored Contributor

Re: How to sort all files by date in ascending order

and of course with GNV simply:

ls -lt
ls -ltr

http://www.mpp.mpg.de/~huber
P Muralidhar Kini
Honored Contributor

Re: How to sort all files by date in ascending order

Hi Joseph,

>> Directory the wraps the rest of the output to a second line,
>> and sort will be confused.
Thats a good point.
The parsing routine has to consider this scenario that a filename can get
displayed in multiple lines and needs to be able to handle that.

Also another thing to consider (may not be in this case),
When parsing a line of DIR output, program cannot check directly for any
known characters like "(" and so on. i.e. it cannot rely on the fact that
the "(" ... is a delimiter. These characters can be a part of the filename
(ODS5 filenames allows that). The program needs to be take care of this.

Regards,
Murali
Let There Be Rock - AC/DC
John McL
Trusted Contributor

Re: How to sort all files by date in ascending order

One day maybe HP will add a /SORT=x capability to $ DIRECTORY and let us sort by filesize, by any date and by (what else?), of course with the default being by filename ... but it's not available yet.
P Muralidhar Kini
Honored Contributor

Re: How to sort all files by date in ascending order

John,Jess

>> One day maybe HP will add a /SORT=x capability to $ DIRECTORY
Let me know if there is any business requirement for availability of this feature.
I can add this to the wish list along with the supporting text.

Regards,
Murali
Let There Be Rock - AC/DC
Kris Clippeleyr
Honored Contributor

Re: How to sort all files by date in ascending order


> One day maybe HP will add a /SORT=x
> capability to $ DIRECTORY and let us sort
> by filesize, by any date and by (what
> else?), of course with the default being
> by filename ... but it's not available
> yet.

It's already there. Check out QDSB (as Joseph already pointed out) at
http://www.quadratrix.be/qdsb.html

Regards,
Kris (aka Qkcl)
I'm gonna hit the highway like a battering ram on a silver-black phantom bike...
P Muralidhar Kini
Honored Contributor

Re: How to sort all files by date in ascending order

Hi Kris,

>> It's already there. Check out QDSB (as Joseph already pointed out) at
>> http://www.quadratrix.be/qdsb.html
Yes, thats right. I missed seeing this before.

I did a quick instal and checked it out.
It provides the feature which sorts and displays entries in the directory based
on name, creation date, type and so on.
Nice tool.

Jess,
The QDSB tool gives you the feature that you are looking for.
In case you have not already started using it, you can start now.

Regards,
Murali
Let There Be Rock - AC/DC
Shriniketan Bhagwat
Trusted Contributor

Re: How to sort all files by date in ascending order

Hi Kris,

Even I have also tried this tool.
This is really a nice tool. Thanks for letting us to know about such a good tool.

Regards,
Ketan
Joseph Huber_1
Honored Contributor

Re: How to sort all files by date in ascending order

And since I work on a linux desktop, I got used to use the "ls" command on VMS as well.
My above reply to use GNV ls -lt, ls -ltr means:
either define
bash :== $GNU:[bin]bash (GNV$GNU:[BIN] for newer versions of GNV)
or have GNU:[bin] in Your DCL$path logical list.

Then define the DCL ls command as
ls == "bash -c ""ls"
(sic ! the missing double quote at the end is intended).
Through the "bash -c" call ls works with (unix-style) wildcards, while a direct "ls := $GNU:[bin]ls" will not work with wildcards.

In a similar fashion other bash shell commands can be defined:
$ rm == "bash -c ""rm"
$ cat == "bash -c ""cat"
$ gdiff == "bash -c ""diff"
$ grep == "bash -c ""grep"
$ egrep == "bash -c ""egrep"
$ fgrep == "bash -c ""fgrep"
$ touch == "bash -c ""touch"

"cd" cannot be used like this, because it is a bash internal command.


http://www.mpp.mpg.de/~huber
Keith Cayemberg
Trusted Contributor

Re: How to sort all files by date in ascending order


Sorting DIRECTORY by modification date

[posted to comp.os.vms by Peter Weaver (WeaverConsultingServices@sympatico.ca) on 29-APR-2004]

$ ASSIGN LIB$DATE_FORMAT_037,-
LIB$TIME_FORMAT_001 -
LIB$DT_FORMAT/USER_MODE
$! Ignore any DIR symbols
$ directx -
/date=modified-
/width=(file:80,display:132)-
/out=out.txt
$ sort out.txt -
/key=(pos:83,siz:22) tt:

should do it as long as someone with privileges did the @SYS$STARTUP:LIB$DT_STARTUP first.
Keith Cayemberg
Consultant
Wipro Technologies
Hoff
Honored Contributor

Re: How to sort all files by date in ascending order

Install and configure GNV.

$ bash
ls -tla
P Muralidhar Kini
Honored Contributor

Re: How to sort all files by date in ascending order

Hi Jess,

I hope you are using (might have become expert :)) the QDSB tool by now.

Also, Refer the following link which says how you can thank the forum -
http://forums11.itrc.hp.com/service/forums/helptips.do?#28

Regards,
Murali
Let There Be Rock - AC/DC