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Ubuntu server - mail server

Occasional Visitor

Ubuntu server - mail server

I got an error becauese  


this directory is not there i executed chmod 755 /var/spool/mqueue

but no result then I created back /var/spool/mqueue directory but still my problem is there

please answer my problem


P.S. This thread has been moevd from HP-UX > Messaging to Linux > sysadmin. - HP Forum Moderator

Honored Contributor

Re: Ubuntu server - mail server

You cannot chmod something that does not exist. If you ran "chmod 755 /var/spool/mqueue" when /var/spool/mqueue was not there, you should have received an error message from the chmod command.


So you should *first* create the missing directory, *then* assign it the correct owner, group and permissions:

  • the chown command can assign either just the owner (chown <owner> <file_or_directory>), or both owner and group (chown <owner>:<group> <file_or_directory>)
  • alternatively, the chgrp command can be used to assign the group
  • and the chmod command is used to assign the permissions (historically called "file mode", hence chMOD).

I don't have an Ubuntu system at hand, so I cannot check the actual correct owner/group settings, but typically /var/spool/mqueue should have owner=root, group=mail.

In other words: either

mkdir /var/spool/mqueue
chown root /var/spool/mqueue
chgrp mail /var/spool/mqueue
chmod 755 /var/spool/mqueue


mkdir /var/spool/mqueue
chown root:mail /var/spool/mqueue
chmod 755 /var/spool/mqueue

 would be the correct sequence of commands.


NOTE: if you get an error message saying that /var/spool/mqueue has _unsafe_ permissions, it means the directory is accessible to _too many_ users/groups. In that case, you should think about taking away some permissions instead of adding more. Some installations of sendmail can require "chmod 700 /var/spool/mqueue".


Also, in POSIX-compliant filesystems (= most native Unix and Linux filesystems) having write access to a directory usually means that it is possible to delete, rename or move anything in that directory.  So if /var/spool (or even /var) is writeable by someone other than root, then /var/spool/mqueue may be "unsafe", no matter what permissions /var/spool/mqueue actually has.

Dennis Handly
Acclaimed Contributor

Re: Ubuntu server - mail server

> then /var/spool/mqueue may be "unsafe",


Unsafe in that the directory path can be changed to "hide" it.