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boot /stand/vmunix -lm - what is the -lm ?

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Frequent Advisor

boot /stand/vmunix -lm - what is the -lm ?



I've had to copy two hpvm disks to a different san.


Boot fails with lvm issues.


Initially, it looked straight forward with lvmtab expecting root to be on c0t0d2  and the new disks present as c0t0d0 and c0t0d1.  I went through the vgexport and vgimport process to point to c0t0d0 but no joy


Anyway, my question relates to what is -lm in boot /stand vmunix -lm command

I seem to be booted single user, have a subset of commands (ls, cat  but not df or strings)  and it appears to be the correct / filesystem.   If it cannot find the boot disk I'm suprised I have been able to boot into anything that gives me single user style control so I'm wondering how I've managed to boot into anything usable if lvm info is not found



Also, this is the problem I am trying to resolve


2 disks found:



# ioscan -fnC disk
Class     I  H/W Path     Driver  S/W State   H/W Type     Description
disk      0  0/0/0/0.0.0  sdisk   CLAIMED     DEVICE       HP      Virtual Disk
                         /dev/dsk/c0t0d0     /dev/rdsk/c0t0d0  
                         /dev/dsk/c0t0d0s1   /dev/rdsk/c0t0d0s1
                         /dev/dsk/c0t0d0s2   /dev/rdsk/c0t0d0s2
                         /dev/dsk/c0t0d0s3   /dev/rdsk/c0t0d0s3
disk      1  0/0/0/0.1.0  sdisk   CLAIMED     DEVICE       HP      Virtual Disk
                         /dev/dsk/c0t1d0   /dev/rdsk/c0t1d0

# vgscan
vgscan: Warning: couldn't query physical volume "/dev/dsk/c0t0d0s2":
The specified path does not correspond to physical volume attached to
this volume group
vgscan: Warning: couldn't query all of the physical volumes.

vgscan:  has no correspoding valid raw device file under /dev/rdsk.
Verification of unique LVM disk id on each disk in the volume group
/dev/vg00 failed.


# vgdisplay
vgdisplay: Volume group not activated.
vgdisplay: Cannot display volume group "/dev/vg00".
# vgchange -a y vg00
vgchange: Couldn't activate volume group "vg00":
Quorum not present, or some physical volume(s) are missing.

# LVM: VG 64 0x000000: Quorum check failed!

mkdir /dev/vg00
# mknod /dev/vg00/group c 64 0x000000

# vgimport -m /  vg00 /dev/dsk/c0t0d0
Physical Volume "/dev/dsk/c0t0d0" contains no LVM information




Patrick Wallek
Honored Contributor

Re: boot /stand/vmunix -lm - what is the -lm ?

The '-lm' means LVM Maintenance Mode.  It is kind of like single-user mode, but the VG has not been activated.  It is meants for situations like you are in right now.


>># vgchange -a y vg00
>>vgchange: Couldn't activate volume group "vg00":
>>Quorum not present, or some physical volume(s) are missing.


To activate a VG that does not have a quorum, you must add the '-q n' to the vgchange command.


# vgchange -a y -q n vg00


>>mkdir /dev/vg00

>># mknod /dev/vg00/group c 64 0x000000

>># vgimport -m /  vg00 /dev/dsk/c0t0d0
>>Physical Volume "/dev/dsk/c0t0d0" contains no LVM information


Since this is an Itanium server you boot disks have the 'slices' (notice the s1, s2, s3 in your ioscan.).  So to import the boot disk into the VG you must do:


# vgimport -m / vg00 /dev/dsk/c0t0d0s2


If you need to have both disks c0t0d0 and c0t1d0 in VG00, then you need to do:


# vgimport -m / vg00 /dev/dsk/c0t0d0s2 /dev/dsk/c0t1d0


Once you have done that you can try booting your system normally again and see how it goes.



Frequent Advisor

Re: boot /stand/vmunix -lm - what is the -lm ?

Thanks very much for your reply. That fixed it




Frequent Advisor

Re: boot /stand/vmunix -lm - what is the -lm ?

actually I was a bit quick on saying that it had fixed things.   When booted in -lm mode I can successfully activate the volume group but on boot up it still looks to boot in quorom  mode. Currently looking to see how to pass the "-q n" flags to vchange on boot up. If I find out I'll post back

Frequent Advisor

Re: boot /stand/vmunix -lm - what is the -lm ?

mkboot -a "hpux -lq" /dev/rdsk/c0t0d0     sets no quorom as permanent